The essence of the term “leadership” can be described with the following words. “In its essence, leadership in an organizational role involves (1) establishing a clear vision, (2) sharing (communicating) that vision with others so that they will follow willingly, (3) providing the information, knowledge, and methods to realize that vision, and (4) coordinating and balancing the conflicting interests of all members or stakeholders. A leader comes to the forefront in case of crisis, and is able to think and act in creative ways in difficult situations. Unlike management, leadership flows from the core of a personality and cannot be taught, although it may be learnt and may be enhanced through coaching or mentoring” (Leadership Definition).We should not confuse leadership and management. The main difference between management and leadership that comes to mind is that management is more formal category while leadership is informal. Managerial principles are formal and regulated according to some rules, organization policy that are already implemented. Leadership depends on the informal relations between people, workers, and emotional relations. Also leadership depends on the personal qualities of a particular person – a leader. There are also other differences between these two categories. Leadership sets a new direction or goal for co-workers that they follow. Management controls these co-workers and also recourses according to principles that have already been established. It proves that management is more technical category while leadership is more personal, creative. As for us, a good leader can be a good manager. However, a manager will not always be a leader. And it is really great for any organization when leadership and management are connected. Any social group inside an organization has its leader. It is very important to notice a leader’s potential of such persons because of the functions that a leader executes. Our opinion can be proven with the following words. “Good leadership skills are deminstrated by the way the leader operates. The functions of a leader are the aspects that get the necessary results and productivity” (The Functions of the Leader).Among these functions we may differentiate the following ones. First of all, the main function of a leader is to unite his/her coworkers around some goal of an organization’s performance, around an organization’s values. Also leader represents the interests of working group in negotiations with managers and shareholders. Very important responsibility of a leader is to create a positive emotional climate in an organization. As we can see, all of these functions are vitally important for the overall efficiency of an organization. That is why we can even say that an organization should stimulate development of effective informal leadership. To do it a company, first of all, has to notice a potential leader. A potential leader should owe some special features. Among them we may differentiate the following ones.A leader has to be a coordinator of the all activities of a group. Moreover, a leader should be a controller of in-group activities. Generally, it means that a leader has to organize work …
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