Thesis: Confucius argues that a good ruler must maintain order and uniformity among his people by means of virtue. The power of laws is not enough to unite people on the grounds of their common social solidarity. Reasons: The power of law is primarily associated with a danger of being punished for failing to follow the laws. In this case, people are led by fear of being punished. However, they do not realize the essence of outlaw deeds and have no shame. In contrast, if people are led by the idea of virtue, they will understand what deeds do not correspond with it. In this case, people will be able to feel shame. In turn, the sense of shame will direct all the actions in their social life, making people better. Analysis:Confucius’ argument is correct in terms of his approach to politics. Confucius’ political philosophy grounds on his belief that a ruler should learn self-discipline and lead his people by means of showing them his own virtues and treating them with love and care. Led only by laws, people are likely to remain thoughtless followers of some incomprehensible regulations. They will be afraid of punishment associated with laws, but they will never realize the moral need of following the laws. When people are led by virtues, they accept their ruler’s will voluntarily and realize the importance of moral …
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